Soil Health

Soil is the foundation of agricultural production and land-based food systems. It is a living ecosystem that provides a wide array of essential services for plants, animals, and humans, including nutrient and carbon cycling, water storage, climate regulation, “waste” assimilation and transformation, information networking, and food provision for the vast majority of organisms living on land. Soil health is broadly defined by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) as the continued capacity of the soil to function as a vital living ecosystem that sustains plants, animals and humans. Therefore, a mindful and proactive stewardship of soil health in agricultural lands is of paramount importance. 

Managing for soil health (maintaining and improving soil ecosystem function) is mostly a matter of protecting its physical and chemical integrity and maintaining suitable habitat for the myriad of microscopic creatures that comprise the soil food web. NRCS identifies four principles for an adequate stewardship of soil health: 

  • Maintain soil cover throughout the year
  • Minimize soil disturbance
  • Maintain living roots throughout the year
  • Support diversity of the soil’s microbial and vegetation community
And there is a complementary fifth principle within the framework of Regenerative Agriculture.
  • Incorporate grazing animals (whenever possible)
The RCD focuses on farm management practices that support optimal soil organic matter, soil structure, soil depth, and water and nutrient holding capacity. We provide direct assistance to growers including:
  • Technical and financial assistance to implement best management practices such as cover crops, compost, mulch, reduced till and more
  • Soil health assessments and monitoring
  • Field trials evaluating the impacts of various soil amendments and management practices on soil condition and crop yields
  • Identification of site-specific opportunities and practices to improve soil management 

Contact the RCD for assistance.

Soil works for you if you work for the soil by using management practices that improve soil health and increase productivity and profitability immediately and into the future. - USDA NRCS

Conservation benefit: Restore and augment soil organic matter and biodiversity to improve carbon drawdown, water and nutrient cycling and fertility to support agricultural production

Agriculture Land-Based Training Association
California Association of Resource Conservation Districts
California FarmLink
California State University Monterey Bay
Kitchen Table Advisors
Local Farmers and Ranchers
Loma Prieta Resource Conservation District
Natural Resource Conservation Service
Resource Conservation District of Monterey County
San Benito Resource Conservation District
San Mateo Resource Conservation District
University of California Cooperative Extension
USDA – Agricultural Research Service

California Department of Food and Agriculture
Natural Resource Conservation Service
USDA Conservation Innovation Grants Program

Ag Resources Library

RCD Contact: Sacha Lozano

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